Bundala National Park is a wetland sanctuary located in the southeast coast of Sri Lanka. It was designated as a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 1991, and was later declared as a national park in 1993. The park spans an area of 6,216 hectares and is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including migratory waterbirds
The park is situated in the dry zone of Sri Lanka and is fed by five small lagoons. This creates an ideal habitat for a variety of bird species, with over 197 species recorded in the park. Some of the notable bird species found in Bundala include the Greater Flamingo, Lesser Flamingo, and Eurasian Spoonbill.
Bundala National Park is popular for its diverse range of wildlife and birdlife. It is especially known for its large flocks of migratory flamingos, which attract many birdwatchers and tourists to the park. The park is also famous for its saltwater crocodiles, green sea turtles, and several species of migratory waterbirds. Additionally, Bundala National Park is a Ramsar site, which adds to its popularity as a wetland of international importance for conservation and research purposes.
Bundala National Park is a unique wetland sanctuary that offers a rich diversity of wildlife and birdlife. With its lush marshes, lagoons, and sand dunes, the park provides an ideal habitat for a wide variety of species, including migratory birds and sea turtles.
One of the park's main attractions is its large flocks of Greater and Lesser Flamingos, which draw birdwatchers and tourists from around the world. The park is also an important breeding ground for several species of fish and is an important habitat for several species of invertebrates.
In addition to its rich wildlife, Bundala National Park also offers a range of eco-tourism activities, including guided tours, camping, and bird-watching. This makes it a popular destination for tourists and researchers alike.
Overall, Bundala National Park is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in wildlife and conservation. With its diverse range of species and unique habitats, the park provides a unique window into the natural world and is an important site for research and conservation efforts.
The vegetation in Bundala National Park is predominantly grasslands and marshes, with scattered patches of scrub and woodland. The park is also home to several lagoons and sand dunes, which provide crucial nesting sites for several species of sea turtles. The park is also an important breeding ground for several species of fish and is an important habitat for several species of invertebrates.
The park is also home to other wildlife, including elephants, saltwater crocodiles, green sea turtles, and several species of reptiles and mammals. Tourism is a significant contributor to the local economy and Bundala National Park is a popular destination for both local and foreign tourists. Visitors to the park can go on guided tours to see the wildlife and birdlife, as well as take part in eco-tourism activities such as camping and bird- watching. The park is also an important research site, with several studies conducted on the ecology and conservation of the wetlands and its associated species.